Kings and Prophets of Judah and Israel is a study help. I believe the prophets are paired with the king(s) they served with, there may be some over-lapping that I did not catch.
In doing this post I focused on Judah, the southern kingdom, the prophets in ( ) are northern kingdom prophets that are mentioned with kings of Jerusalem. Many of the prophets of Israel are not named or just mentioned as being in a “school of prophets”. If a Minor Prophet is not listed it was because there are no identifying timestamps to put them with a king. Other studies I have done on prophets include The Prophets of Rehoboam and Jeroboam, Josiah’s Prophets, Jehu and the Prophets, and Elijah.
Jeremiah served under several kings of Judah and saw Neco and Nebuchadnezzar flex their muscles in Judah. In Jeremiah’s book Manasseh and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, are mentioned. Jeremiah, in its present form, is not linear in construction but is grouped loosely by several different themes. One grouping could be that in the first part of the book is that people, priests, and prophets (false) are dealt with, and the second part focuses on kings and nations. So, in this post, I will try listing Jeremiah’s kings as they appear while doing something important. (Let me explain using Josiah. He is frequently listed with his son’s names as an identifier but not directly involved in that story. (In another context that is also a reminder that they could have been doing better because of his good example. Those listings I will not put in.) Some commentary will appear and some noteworthy events, but please go to the post on Josiah for a different look at his children and grandchild.
- 1:1 Jeremiah started in his thirteen-year of reign. (Jeremiah had been ministering for five years when Josiah celebrated Passover. 2 Chronicles 35:19)
- 3:6 A word about unfaithful Israel (northern kingdom) and unfaithful Judah. The leader was trying to do right, the people were not.
- 25:3 The length of time Jeremiah had been prophesying – twenty-three years.
- 36:2 Jeremiah’s commission to write down his words from the Lord. (Josiah is a time marker; the event was in the 4th year of Jehoiakim.)
22:11 The word that he would never return to Judah and Jerusalem. (He ruled three months.)
Jehoiakim/Eliakim – Possible Chronology Order
- 1:3 Time of his reign. (Eleven years)
- 22:18 No one would mourn for him.
- 24:1 Identified Jehoiachin as his son. (See Josiah’s Children)
- 25:1 His fourth year and the first of Nebuchadnezzar reign. Captives were taken. Verse 11 is the first mention, by Jeremiah, about seventy years of captivity.
- 36:1 Jehoiakim’s fourth year and when God told Jeremiah to write down all of the words he had been given.
- 36: 9 – 32 He burns the scroll Baruch wrote for Jeremiah.
- 45:1 Refers to the writing of the scroll in 36:1.
- 46:2 Refers to his fourth year, but this word is against Pharaoh Neco and his defeat at Carchemish.
- 26:1-20 Jeremiah prophesies and is threatened with death.
- 26:21,22,23 He had the prophet Uriah retrieved from Egypt and killed.
- 35:1 When Jeremiah learned a lesson from the Recabites.
- 52:2 Compares Jehoiakim to Zedekiah and the evil they did.
Other references: 2 Kings 23: 34 – 36; 24: 1- 19; 1 Chronicles 3:15+16; 2 Chronicles 36: 4-8; Daniel 1: 1+2
- 22:24 + 28 Words that he will be cast out with his children.
- 24:1 The word about two baskets of figs when he, his officials, and the craftsmen and artisans were taken to Babylon. (He ruled three months and ten days or 100 days.)
- 27:20 The pillars, the Sea, the movable stands, and other furnishings would be taken to Babylon.
- 28:4 A word from a false prophet about Jehoiachin’s return to Jerusalem.
- 29:2 Jeremiah had sent a letter after the time marker of Jehoiachin leaving Judah.
- 52:31, 33, 34 Jehoiachin was released and taken care of in Babylon.
Zedekiah – Possible Chronology Order
- 1:3 History of Jeremiah and Zedekiah’s eleven years.
- 24:8 Word about a basket of figs and how God will deal with Zedekiah and the survivors.
- 29:3 When Jeremiah sent the letter to the exiles about the seventy years of serving Babylon. (This is hard to place but I would put it before Zedekiah’s trip to Babylon. Jehoiachin was only in power 100 days.)
- 49:34 A word about Elam early in the rule of Zedekiah. Elam was an area north and east of the Persian Gulf. This is an interesting word about an ancient, long-surviving culture (see the link below). This is an example of the non-linear editing order. Elam/Susa is the setting for the Book of Esther. Verse 39 was fulfilled. Chapter 50:1 is a word against Babylon which subjugated Elam.
- 51:59 An event in his fourth year when he went to Babylon. Jeremiah sent a letter with Seraiah about Babylon. 29:3 and this verse/event is possibly the same story.
- 27:1,3,12 The word that Zedekiah and other kings were to bow their neck to Nebuchadnezzar. It was early in his reign. (28:1 has this in the same year.)
- 28:1 The fourth year and fifth month of Zedekiah’s rule (see 27:1-12) and a false prophet breaks the yoke.
- 21:1,3,7 He sent people to have Jeremiah inquire of God because of Nebuchadnezzar attacking Jerusalem.
- 34:2,4,6 A word about how Zedekiah would not die by the sword.
- 34:8 After Zedekiah gives slaves their freedom, only to enslave them again.
- 34:21 God retracts His offer and Zedekiah will die by the sword. (1. Pharaoh Neco had marched out of Egypt to battle Nebuchadnezzar. 2.There are several words about this topic. It seems that God was willing to give him a chance.)
- 37:1 – 21 The time must be after the ninth year of Zedekiah. They are not listening to Jeremiah but the king sends a private envoy to ask him a question. (The Babylonian army withdraws because of Neco. Jeremiah is thrown into prison because he tries to leave the city. Zedekiah calls for him again, he is afraid of the people. He also assigns Jeremiah to a different prison with food.)
- 32:1,3,4,5 Jeremiah bought his cousin’s field and Zedekiah is warned again about fighting Nebuchadnezzar. This is the tenth year and Jeremiah was held prisoner in the courtyard.
- 38:5 Jeremiah is put in a muddy cistern because Zedekiah won’t stop his officials.
- 38:14 – 24 Zedekiah again sends for Jeremiah to ask him questions. Zedekiah is afraid to follow the advice because of Jews who switched sides. Jeremiah cannot talk about the conservation because of the haters.
- 39:1-7 The story of the fall of the city and Zedekiah’s attempt to escape, his capture, and his punishment. Jeremiah was freed in this telling of the story.
- 52:1-11 A retelling of the fall of the city and the capturing of Zedekiah. This version goes into the destruction of the city and when more captives were removed.
- 44:30 This is a warning to the fleeing Jews to not go to Egypt. The association of Pharaoh and Zedekiah to the Jews was an example of what would happen to them. (A change in Pharaohs.)
Other references: 2 Kings 24:17 – 20, 25:1-7
While studying for my Kingdom series, I kept reading about Jesus “walking through” angry crowds or “concealing” Himself. Using the parallel function in the Bible Gateway app it was easy to look at several different translations and paraphrases at one time. I am amazed at how this habit of Jesus is handled in them. Some could have a possible explanation, while others don’t! I will give the verse/story, the Strong’s Concordance number, and the Greek word with a simple translation. John is the writer who has the most references to Jesus “hiding” Himself. With that said I will start with the one in Luke. (I am using the NIV.)
- Luke 4: 30 – #1330 dierchomai – to pass through. Jesus was at Nazareth teaching the morning lesson. (This could also be Matthew 13:53. Luke seems to group things differently, so I will go with Matthew for chronology. For my study, this starts Jesus’ third block of teaching.). He makes the town’s people mad and they are going to throw Him off the “brow of the hill”. He “passed through” an angry crowd intent on hurting/killing Him. Really! They just let Him pass! Okay, I am not sure what He did, but something powerful quelled/confused the mob. I find it hard to believe they just “lost” Him on their own.
- John 7: 10 – #2927 kruptos – secret, hidden. Jesus’ brothers are giving Him a bad time because they do not believe He is the Christ. So, Jesus goes to the Feast of Tabernacles in secret. This one does not need a miracle to explain how this happened. A good hoodie would have worked. But it is hard to imagine that no one recognized Him until He went to the Temple to teach. There was no one trying to kill or harm Him in this story.
- John 8: 59 – #2928 krupto – to conceal. Jesus is at the Feast in John 7. He is teaching and answering questions. The crowd does not like His statements about Himself and His relationship to the Father. They are going to stone Jesus! How do you lose track of someone you are trying to kill? I just feel that since it was not His time to die Jesus did a miracle and concealed Himself.
- John 10: 39 – #1831- exerchomai – escape, go out. Jesus is at the Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah). He is again being questioned by a crowd and they don’t like His answers. Doing miracles in the Father’s name was not enough proof as to who He was! So, He escapes! Again, this could a simple “He outruns them” but that sounds weak, or He punched His way out, no that is weak also. He was in the Temple, with people everywhere, and was being questioned by what should have been a crowd. How do you escape that scenario without a miracle? I have a feeling that harming Him was on their minds!
- John 12: 36 – #2928 – to conceal. This is Monday of Holy Week. Jesus is telling the crowd how He is to die. A voice came from Heaven to comfort Jesus and challenge the Jews. His statement in verse 36 surely made them mad! But He had not shared His last meal with the disciples, so He was not ready to be taken, prisoner. This could be a natural “hiding” Himself and I would not argue or try to defend a miracle here.
I know this is not one of the traditional “Seven Miracles” and there is no foreshadowing of this type of miracle (That I could think of!). Really, I think it may be too far out there for many people’s comfort zone. Jesus was not ready to die! He picked the time and the place – Passover and Jerusalem. He was in control, not the crowds! I know that my observations will not change the number of miracles, but if I get a chance to teach it I will add them to the list:-}
These are the Seven Miracles, I copied them from a previous post. (Click the blue link to see the post.)
· Turning water into wine in Cana (2:1-11)
· Healing an official’s son in Capernaum (4:46-54)
· Healing an invalid at the Pool of Bethesda in Jerusalem (5:1-18)
· Feeding the 5,000 near the Sea of Galilee (6:5-14)
· Walking on the water of the Sea of Galilee (6:16-21)
· Healing a blind man in Jerusalem (9:1-7)
· Raising dead Lazarus in Bethany (11:1-45)
You have to love Psalms! This is one of many that I have marked with repeated phrases. The yellow and blue sections are great. The other highlighted sections are just similar thoughts. The shading was done by me for comparison.
In my Bible, there is an introduction to this Psalm. (This Psalm was copied from BibleGateway.com and is the New International Version.) Apparently, at one time the introduction may have been the first verse. It was written by David after the events of 1 Samuel 19: 11. It would be fun to hear the actual tune that went with it when David wrote this song. Was it is up tempo or a slow mournful tune?
It is fair to say that David was not happy when he wrote it. He was probably in his early twenties and not angry and fearful about what was being done to him! Even in this very forceful wording, we find verse three, which is a shadow of the Pharisees and how they treated Jesus.
New International Version (NIV) Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
This comparison started out as a search about Titus. I was curious about his physical locations and how they corresponded to Paul’s life and his writings.
Every resource that I list will tell you these are approximations, as we are not sure of their order or dates when they were written. Few sites offer why they put them in that order but they seem close.
The graphs are pictures so the links do not work. A Google search on the order of the New Testament will give you these and many others.
I do like the bible-history site even though they seem to have left out Luke and Jude. They place the Books in context with history.