Passover to Pentecost – Nicodemus

John records the story of Jesus and Nicodemus in John 3.  Jesus teaches us a truth starting in verse three about how to enter the Kingdom of God – be born of the water and the Spirit.  In this time period of the Counting of the Omer (Passover to Pentecost) Jesus ties the Old Testament shadows to the New Testament fulfillments. This maybe the second example of New Testament Passovers, the first one is in Luke when Jesus stayed behind to talk to the priest in the Temple.

In the first three chapters of John there are two different pictures of the Passover and the Counting of the Omer.  The first is Jesus’ baptism and His forty day trip into the wilderness and the second is John 3:5 + 6.  But we need to include chapter one and two in this second picture of Passover.

John 2:23 is one reference to a New Testament Passover.  Jesus after His baptism picked some disciples (due to the testimony of John the Baptist), told Mary, His mother, that His “time had not yet come” and still preformed a miracle, and cleared the Temple of commercial activity. How do these reflect the Passover to the Jew of Jesus’ day and to us?

  • We will start with the picking of some of His disciples – There is a pre-Passover fast where the firstborn males are recognized. When Jesus picked those disciples, He was doing a form of the Fast of the Firstborn.
  • The miracle of the wine at the wedding is a complex, in my thinking. It could represent the miracles that led up to the first Passover.  The fact that it was wine, a “yeast” made drink, is interesting because one of the “gods” that was humiliated was the Egyptian beer goddess.
  • Jesus clearing the Temple is a picture of cleaning your home of yeast before Passover.It is interesting that the Jews were more concerned about the authority to upset the selling tables than the “right or wrong” of Jesus doing it.  He did this again just before His last Passover.
  • Jesus’ command to be born of water and Spirit reflect the “baptism” at the Red Sea and meeting God at Mount Sinai. And what would happen on the Birthday of the Church, Pentecost.

Jesus’ response to Mary in John 2: 4 about the wine finally has been settled for me.  His “time” or start of His ministry was Passover! So, it was before His time!

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Week Two Study for Passover to Pentecost

This is the continuation of the study that will go to Pentecost.

  1. Passover to Pentecost –Out of Egypt/ End of Passover
  2. Passover to Pentecost -Out of Egypt – Things You Might Recognize
  3. Passover to Pentecost –What Is Important
  4. Passover to Pentecost –Passover Number Two
  5. Passover to Pentecost –Joshua’s Passover and His Fifty Days
  6. Passover to Pentecost –Food
  7. Passover to Pentecost – Three Days

Passover to Pentecost – Moses and His Second Chance

Passover to Pentecost – Moses and His Second Chance    Week 5 Day 5

So now, go.  I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt.  Exodus 3: 10 (NIV)

When I read the accolades of Moses in Deuteronomy 34: 10 + 11 I forget that he was not always like that.  He knew God face-to-face, he did miraculous signs and wonders, and he led a captive people out of their bondage.  But that is not the Moses you meet in Exodus 3 when he first talks to God at the burning bush.  When he left Egypt at the head of a million people he was a different man than when he left ahead of an execution squad.

Moses left Egypt the first time when he was forty, so he may have lived in the palace or among the royals for thirty-five years.  He should have received a royal education, and knew the Pharaoh who tried to kill him. Whatever his intent was he apparently had not forgot the five or six years he spent with his family as a child.  Jochebed, his mother, surely told him of his miraculous beginning, and told him that God had something important for him to do.

The next forty years of education/living must have been a shock for the “prince” of Egypt. Instead of leading people he was leading sheep.  But by the time he was eighty he had settled in; so when God called him he did not want to go.  He had left Egypt and the Hebrews and seemed to have made no plans to go back.  He was circumcised but had not performed the rite on his sons.

In Exodus 2: 14 a man asked Moses who made you ruler and judge over us, by chapter 5 Moses could say God did.  It truly was a second chance for Moses.  How do you go from Exodus 3 to Deuteronomy 34?  Every time Moses performed one of his signs, every plague started and stopped, every test and trial the Israelites did against God, and that cloud over his head day and night transformed him from fainthearted to fearless.

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Passover to Pentecost – Three Days

Passover to Pentecost – Three Days        Week 2 Day 7

After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers.  Luke 2:46 (NIV)

I have done many number studies just because they are interesting.  This number related study came as a surprise; the term “three days” has been several places in connection with the Exodus and Counting the Omer.  The ones that caught my attention have been:

  1. “three days” to go to worship in the desert
  2. same time after each of the first two Passover’s, with no water or complaining about food
  3. the story in Luke of Joseph and Mary looking for Jesus
  4. the plague where the sun was darkened for three days
  5. Joshua moving the people into the Promise Land, they had a three day notice
  6. The three days Jesus spent in the tomb

Pre-Exodus stories include the sacking of Shechem by Jacob’s sons, and Joseph with Pharaoh’s servants and their dreams.  Shechem is where Joshua read the blessings and curses to the people, and the dream helped get Joseph into the position to help his family.  Post-Exodus stories include Jonah in the whale which is a shadow for Jesus being in the tomb three days (Passover).

To help you study use https://www.biblegateway.com and search “three days.”

The number three maybe associated with God (triune).  But this “three day” period seems to be a waiting period and frequently there is a test at the end of it.   In Exodus 15 (three days after the first Passover) God talks about testing the people, and in Numbers 10 (2nd Passover) God said they had tested Him ten times and it was over!  I view the story in Luke as a test for Mary and Joseph in their understanding of who Jesus really was.

Passover to Pentecost – Food

Passover to Pentecost – Food        Week 2 Day 6

Your children will be shepherds for forty years. Numbers 14: 33 (NIV)

Food has been a reoccurring topic so I thought we needed to put these thoughts together in a post.  Israel and the rabble with them did a lot of complaining about the food they had and the food they remembered.  Their diet was probably simple compared to many of our daily meals, but the thoughts of food carry powerful emotions.

The three main elements for the Passover meal were unleavened bread (no yeast/sin), bitter herbs to represent slavery, and the lamb (the sacrifice and the protector).  The typology of the unleavened bread and lamb points to Jesus our sinless sacrifice.

After the second Passover the people that came with them out of Egypt got the people all worked up about food.  They remembered the fish, cucumbers, melons, leeks, onions, and garlic they had in Egypt.  And it was free!  I guess they forgot about slavery, plus the rabble could have left and went back to Egypt.

Quail is mentioned twice in Scripture as the meat that God gave the people – Exodus 16 and Numbers 11.  It is interesting that both of these were in the days right after Passover in the time of the Counting of the Omer.  Even today there are large migrations of quail over this general area.

Exodus 12 talks about the large herds of livestock they brought with them as they left Egypt.  So they would have had milk (cheese) and meat as a regular part of their diet.  Since God (the cloud) could move at any time planting crops would have been useless.  This lifestyle was part of the burden the children were to carry because of the complaining of the parents.

Manna, the “what is it” food of the Bible; it looked like dried tree sap and tasted liked olive oil and coriander seed.  It would not keep overnight and had to be picked up fresh every day.  This miraculous food is a shadow of Jesus.  It is referred to as manna and the bread of Heaven in several places in the Old and New Testament.  Some references for this are found in Psalm 105:40, Nehemiah 9:15, and John 6.  In Hebrews 9:4 an omer of manna is mentioned again as being in the Ark and then in Revelations 2:17 manna will be given to those who overcome.