In Matthew 24 Jesus has finished His sermons on the Temple Mount, for the leaders and the crowds, and is going to the Mount of Olives. The disciples comment about the stones of the Second Temple, built by Herod, and Jesus predicts they are coming down. (Rome accomplished this in 70 A.D.) Back on the Mount of Olives, the disciples ask when the end will come, this is the start of several lessons about the end times and the kingdom of God. Jesus, in Matthew 24:6, uses the phrase, “wars and rumors of war”. Mark 13:7 and Luke 21:9 also are references, Luke has the term revolutions.
War or Battle
We do not tend to think of these as the same thing, but in the Greek (Strong’s 4171) they are the same word or from the same root word-polemos. There are a few times polemos is translated as the word fight. The occurrence of this word/idea is rare in the Gospels but not in the Epistles. (Mounce Reverse Interlinear NT) The above verses account for most times it is translated as war with Luke 14:31 being the other time, it talks about a king planning a war.
I find it interesting that Paul and the other Epistle writers talk about war, battles, and fighting more than Jesus did.
Akoe (Strong’s G 189) is the Greek word for a rumor. This is a root for many words that deal with hearing or reports.
In studying the idea of rumors, I found two Old Testament verses that cover rumors very well. These are from the NIV.
Jeremiah 51:46 tells us to not lose heart because a new rumor shows up every year.
Ezekiel 7:26-Calamity upon calamity will come, and rumor upon rumor.
The major difference between then and now is these reports can appear in minutes instead of months.
To introduce the difference between fight and battle and not talk a little about it now, did not seem right. In the New Testament, several words (5 to 8) are translated as the word fight. They indicate levels of conflict and possible places. One is strictly about fighting over words.
On the Mounts
For those that want to think Jesus just walked about saying love, love; I will point to these sermons before His death. These interactions should be classified as fighting and the whole morning in the Temple as battle after battle, or a war.
The types and shadows of these days started with Abraham leading Isaac to the mount to be sacrificed, Joshua’s journey into the Promised Land, David’s return after the death of Absalom, and Elisha’s trip to Mt Carmel.
Jesus cleansed the Temple and ended the curse of fig leaf acts started by Adam and Eve. He silenced the religious leaders and prophesied the end of the Second Temple. Jesus’ sorties from the east bank included raising a dead man, healing blind eyes, and bringing a sinner back to the Father. He cried over Jerusalem and announced His death, then still did a victory ride into the city to fulfill the words of Zechariah 9:9.
Yes, there have been wars and reports of wars, how could we expect anything else. Come, Lord Jesus!
The phrase “God raised” is used in both Testaments, with different emphases. That phrase graciously travels from Hebrew to Greek into Olde English, and to us. God raised up enemies for Solomon (1 Kings 11:23,14:7) when he was disobedient. Here the phrase means to strengthen someone that compares to our thoughts about Jesus coming back to life. (No, I have not done a complete word study.) God raised-Theos is God. Raised is egeiro. Strong: G1453
This is for free. 1. A very general statement about the word “arise”. In our Old Testament, man says that the Lord should arise. In the New Testament, the Lord says that man needs to arise. (Very general statement.) 2. Joseph Prince in his devotional book for 3/23 thinks God raised Jesus because He was pleased with Him and the debt was satisfied and paid in full. Sounds good to me.
Like my post “Jesus Knew”, I want this to be a reference work. My keywords were – resurrect, raised, and baptism. There are many stories that shadow the redemption story. Here are a few:
Jesus Said – In John 11:25 Jesus told Martha that He was the: 1. I Am 2. The Resurrection 3. Life. When He talked about resurrection, it was frequently with Heaven and Marriage. He also said things would be repaid then. One teaching on the Resurrection was a reply to the Sadducees during His teaching on the Temple Mount during Holy Week. It was about Heaven and Marriage and the power of I AM (Matthew 22: 23-33).
Referencesin Psalms that are worth noting are 80:17, 89:48, 16:10, 119:153, and 49:9.
The next sections are my meager attempt to group verses.
Acts 2:31,32 – Peter to the crowd at Pentecost. He quotes David from Psalm 16:10.
Acts 3:15 – Peter and John after the healing of the cripple.
Acts 4:33 – The Apostles testified to the resurrection, and they had great power.
Acts 10:40 – How He died, and that He was afterwards.
Acts 13:30 – God raised Him, and people saw Him.
Why God did it for Jesus –
Acts 2:24 – to free Jesus from the agony of death, because it could not hold Him.
Acts 13:34 + 37 – So, He would not see decay and receive the blessings of David.
Romans 6:4 – That we may have a new life.
Acts 2:32 – Jesus received the promised Holy Spirit and poured it on us.
1 Peter 1:21 – To glorify Jesus, to have our faith and hope in God.
Benefits for us –
Acts 3:10 – To bless us by turning us from our wicked ways.
Acts 4:10 – Healing in His name.
Acts 5:30 – Jesus is at the right hand of God so Israel can repent and be forgiven.
Romans 4:24 – Believing that God raised Jesus is credited to us as righteousness.
Romans 7:4 – That we may bear fruit for God.
Romans 8:21 – Creation will be freed from decay and brought into glory.
Romans 8:34 – Because Jesus is at the right hand of God, He is interceding for us.
Romans 10:9 – If we declare Jesus is Lord and believe that God raised Him from the dead, we will be saved.
1 Corinthians 6:14 – God raised Jesus, He will raise us.
1 Corinthians 15:15 – If Christ was not raised, then no one can be raised from the dead. Vs 12 -58 is Paul’s treatise on the resurrection.
Ephesians 2:6 – We are seated with Jesus in heavenly realms.
1 Peter 1:3 – We have a new birth and a living hope.
Colossians 2:12 and 3:1.
1 Peter 3:21 and 1:21
The message of the cross (God raised Jesus) should be what we are preaching if we want to see demonstrations of the Spirit’s power. 1 Corinthians 1:18 + 2:4
Jesus knew He was to be sacrificed and told His disciples about it frequently. If you want to do your own study I used search words like: reject, suffer, third day, decay, raised, resurrect, crucify (ide), deliver, and lifted up. These are NIV words, so KJV and other translations may be different. After much thought, I am going to list references and clues of the verses from the different writers. Yes, there will be overlap in the stories or settings, but I hope this is the best way to make a reference work. A separate post on “God Raised” is in the works and will follow very soon.
Christians, writers, and movie-makers all seem to have an opinion about the disciples and how they act at Jesus’ last Passover. I will say this the matter of His crucifixion was not a hidden topic, Jesus taught them. He also said several times that the disciples were to go to Galilee and the mountain after He was killed. It took them a while to acct on that also; even after two personal visits from our risen Lord. To be fair, I am not sure I would have been any better.
16:21 – This is the tell all of the predication verses. They are in Caesarea Philippi (north of Lake Galilee) and Jesus ask the disciples who He is? Jesus clearly states He will be killed by the Sanhedrin and three days later He will rise to life again. The group travels to the “mountain of transfiguration”.
17:9 – Jesus, Peter, James, and John are in the presence of Moses and Elijah during the transfiguration. They were coming down and the disciples were told not to speak of this until He has been raised from the dead.
17:22,23 – There may have been some R and R because they come together in Galilee and Jesus adds that He will be betrayed (delivered), killed, and rise in three days. They are going to the East Bank to prepare for the trip into Jerusalem and Passover.
20:18,19 – On the East Bank, Jesus teaches about the kingdom and adds that He will be handed over to the Gentiles (Romans) mocked, beaten, and crucified before being dead three days and coming back to life.
21:42 – Jesus quotes Psalm 118 in His silencing of the leaders. On the Temple Mount, who were challenging His authority. This is about the stone being rejected but it was needed to build the Temple.
26:2 – This is the same day, Tuesday of Holy Week, and Jesus and the disciples are on the Mount of Olives. He has given them a series of parables on the kingdom and the end times. He tells them His death will be in two days.
27:64 – Even the Sanhedrin knew Jesus had prophesied that He would be killed and raised to life in three days. The leaders were talking to Pilate.
8:31 – This is the same as Matthew 16.
9:12 – The same as Matthew 17:9.
9:31 – The same as Matthew 17:22,23.
10:33,34 – The same as Matthew 20:18,19.
12:10 – The same as Matthew 21:42.
9:22 – The same as Matthew 16. SEE PSALM 88 + 89.
9:44 – The same as Matthew 17:9. Luke changes or adds that Jesus told all of the disciples after the boy was healed, but the meaning was hidden from them.
13:32 – No one else has this story. Jesus has been told that Herod (the fox) is looking for Him. The reply is that He will reach His goal on the third day.
17:25 – This is with several teachings about the kingdom and end times. Jesus uses Noah and Lot as comparisons to how it will be.
18:32,33 – The same as Matthew 20:18,19 or at least set on the east bank or Mount of Olives.
20:17 – The same as Matthew 21:42.
24:7 and 24:46 are given after the fact. 24:46 says that He opened their minds to understand what happened.
In keeping with John’s mission to show Jesus as the Son of God many of his references are out of the above timeline. He also likes the phrase “lifted up” because it identifies with Moses.
2:22 – This is more about the disciples believing the scriptures about Jesus’ death.
As Jesus preached His sermons on the mounts, He said things to trigger responses from the audiences. One from the Mount of Olives was “son of man”. TheChosen series uses the phrase a lot, just as Jesus did according to the four Gospels. TheChosen, however, shows a very irate response from the Pharisees. Why was this so infuriating to them? A point for me to ponder from Tuesday of Holy Week is that Jesus did not use “son of man” on the Temple Mount. He said other things that I would label as “fighting words”-
The Parable of the Two Sons and the landowner’s vineyard were against the religious rulers, and they knew it. Matthew 21:45-46.
Matthew 22:18 Jesus called them hypocrites.
22:29-32 Jesus said they were in error and did not know the Scriptures.
Matthew 23-the seven woes and denouncing the Pharisees and the teachers of the Law. That would include the Sadducees. Part of the woes is 23:33, where the leaders are called snakes and vipers.
Son of Man—On the Mount of Olives (Matthew 24 -26:1 NIV) Jesus refers to Himself eight times as the Son of Man. TheChosen referenced Daniel 7:13 as the verse for the son of man as the Messiah. A genuine issue with this term is that it refers to the Messiah and to sons born to women (Daniel and Ezekiel are just a few). Because of my study about the Kingdom, I came to this conclusion a while ago-The Son of God became a son of man, so that children of man can become sons of God. Because Jesus’ blood covers us, all the Father sees when He looks at us is Jesus.
This study will not have many of the types and shadows that reveal Jesus, like Joseph, carrying the wood to the sacrifice. My study of Water and Blood led me to the beginning.
Genesis 3:15 Her (Eve) offspring will crush the head of the serpent.
Isaiah 9:6 A child is born to us; a son was given, and the government was his. He would have the names of Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, and Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 11:1 A shoot or Branch would come from Jesse and bear fruit. The Spirit would rest upon Him.
Psalm 80:17 The son of man that was raised up would be at the right hand of God.
Daniel 7:13 The son of man was on the clouds of heaven being led into the presence of the Ancient of Days.
Acts 7:56 Stephen looks up and sees heaven, with the Son of Man (Jesus) at the right hand of God. Think why the Sanhedrin was mad-Jesus and His miracles, Pentecost, and the Apostles doing miracles.
Revelations 1:13, 12:5,14:14 All references to the son of man or male child being the ruler.
Hebrews 2:6 is a reference to Jesus being a son of man.
Daniel 8:17 refers to Daniel himself.
Ezekiel has over ninety times God calls him the son of man.
Psalm 90:3 sons of men returning to dust (by Moses).
Water and blood are key elements in the “Passover to freedom” story and in the Easter story. Their connection with the act of birthing was also poured into this study. This inquiry sprung out of the writings of John the Apostle. John was a young fisherman, who got a title of “Son of Thunder”, reported seeing blood and water flowing from Jesus’ side (John 19:34), he had the love and the bravery to be at the cross when others did not. 1 John 5 has this theme discussed in verses 26-28 when he links to water, blood, and Spirit agreeing about Jesus and His coming. The birthing connection is in verse 26 where it states-He did not come by water only, but by water and blood (NIV). The “come by water only” statement needed investigating. I have heard and read dramatic preachers get graphic, and probably a little weird, on this topic. I will try to keep it in good taste and leave the drama out, but just list facts with a few opinions.
The “coming of water” is normally linked to His birth through Mary. But looking at the whole story and history of Passover it just seems like Mary in a stable is not the only “birth” experience. There are many verses that highlight women and birthing in the Bible. Even the trip through the Red Sea is viewed as a birthing experience because Israel was freed as a nation on the other side. The water and the path of dry ground provide some of the imagery, but I would add the dead Egyptians were the “blood” in this story. The water and blood of the Nile River (Exodus 7:17) also gave birth to freedom over the Egyptian gods. The blood on the doorpost needs to be added into this scenario, but here God is passing through the land taking out the cult of the firstborn. So, Jesus’ Christmas arrival is important, but in view of His mission to bring together God’s plan, He had other water and blood experiences. His baptism in the Jordan by John and His blood poured out by the Jews and Romans is the major one. I can narrow His trip through the Jordan even closer to Passover because in Matthew 19 He is on the east bank of the river and had to pass through the water to get to Jerusalem. This same route was also taken by Joshua, David, and Elisha who are types and shadows of Jesus.
ATONEMENT, BORN AGAIN, and BIRTHING
The three elements in 1 John are not always together in a story or verse. That does not nullify their importance in any particular story or verse.
Atonement – Atonement is because of sacrifice and those, especially in the Old Testament, normally have blood and water involved in the ceremony. You may not agree with some of these, that is fine. Please let me know why. I will list some examples of “water and blood” before the Law was given. It is possible that there is some stretching in these:).
Genesis 3:21 – God made them clothes of skins (some sheep died) and those may have been washed in the river in the Garden.
Genesis 6 – People and animals died by water in Noah’s Flood. The Flood cleansed the world.
Water and blood are parts of many specific sacrifices in the Law. The ones I want to highlight are in Leviticus 14: 6 and 51. These are birds (doves or young pigeons) that are being killed over a jar of water. The water and blood mixture then has the bird, hyssop, scarlet yarn, and cedarwood dipped in it. On a practical note, the yarn and hyssop probably made a “brush” to deliver the sprinkled water onto the thing being atoned. The other metaphors are the bird being the Spirit, cedarwood maybe the cross and it makes it fragrant, hyssop was used at the cross with the wine vinegar, and the yarn could represent Jesus’ body.
Hebrews 9: 19 (NIV) also has these elements- When Moses had proclaimed every command of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves, together with water, scarlet wool and branches of hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll and all the people. And Hebrews 9:22 (NIV) brings these thoughts together- In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.
Birthing – Birthing and baptism may overlap depending on how you read the story. Someone higher than my paygrade made it that way, sort it out as needed, and talk to Him.
The waters of Creation (Genesis 1:2), the Red Sea, and Joshua crossing the Jordan can be birthing examples. The blood in the Red Sea and at the Jordan were people dying-Egyptian army, first-born, and the peoples of Jericho and Ai. At a Jewish Passover celebration, they give honor to the crossings by mixing wine and water together in the four cups they drink during the meal.
Ezekiel 16 is an allegory of Israel’s birth and its rejection by the world and how God claimed her, and then how she ignored God.
Waiting is a part of birthing. The child has to grow inside of the mother. She gets to feel the movement of the baby and she experiences changes. As a father, I got to watch those changes, but I could not feel my wife’s discomfort and pain. Time is part of birthing stories- 430 years for the Red Sea, 40 years for crossing the Jordan, and Mary had the nine months waiting for Jesus.
Born Again – The story of Jesus and Nicodemus in John 3 is the cornerstone of teaching for the born-again experience. Other New Testament references for the born-again experience are:
1 Peter 1:23 where the seed is the living and enduring word of God.
Ephesians 5:26 Christ gave Himself for the Church and cleansed her by washing with water through the Word.
Titus 3:5 Jesus saved us through washing of rebirth and renewal of the Holy Spirit.
Romans 12:1+2 Part of this Rebirth is offering ourselves as a sacrifice in spiritual worship and being transformed and renewed in our mind.
Colossians 3:9+10 We have put on “the new self” and it is being renewed in knowledge of its Creator (NIV).
A thing that is apparent is that the Father likes, what we call “types and shadows”, to announce in His first covenant what will be in the second covenant. In the “birthing’ section are many examples that show baptism-Noah’s Flood, Red Sea, crossing the Jordan. So, I had to look for a rebirth shadow, which often looks like a birthing shadow. I so wanted to use Joseph coming before Pharaoh as a rebirth example. The issue was he was shaved and changed his clothes, but no water was mentioned. Those two acts are more associated with ending the Nazirite vow. (Shaving has become a whole other topic.) If I may, here is what I think shows rebirth, with water, and the cry from people’s hearts for the “re” experience.
Jonah being thrown into the sea, changing, and finishing his mission. (Granted he had a bad attitude.)
Naaman and Elisha in 2 Kings 5:13+14; Naaman was cleansed by the water and left changed.
Asaph in Psalm 80 ask three times to be restored to God. Okay, we can play with the translation of Hebrew into English but the sentiment is there.
David in Psalm 51:10 (NIV) Create in me a clean heart and renew a right spirit in me.
Isaiah 40:31 Those who hope in the Lord will renew their strength.
Jeremiah in Lamentation 5:21 Restore us so we can return and renew our days.
That is a lot of “re” but to have a rebirth, or be renewed, or restored we had to have some measure of those things before. Matthew 12:35 (NIV) gives us a glimpse- A good man brings good things out of the good stored in him.
There are other mentions of water and blood in the Bible. I tried to keep this post about Passover and Easter and the topics that water and blood are a part of in our redemption story.
This is a good article from the Jewish perspective, on natural and metaphorically birth.