Bible 911-Daniel

Daniel 9:11 is part of a prayer of repentance by Daniel for the people of Israel. The timing of this prayer is during the first year of Darius the Mede and at the end of the seventy years prophesied by Jeremiah (9:1).

Daniel’s Kings

Daniel served several kings. Four are named in the Bible, some are not. The named kings (in order) are:

  1. Nebuchadnezzar – Chapters 1-4
  2. Belshazzar – Chapters 7 (first year),8 (third year), 5 This was the last thing he did as the city fell that night, verse 5:30
  3. Darius – Chapters 9 (first year), 6 is early in his rule but some time had passed; 10:21 and 11:1 refer to his first year, which includes the angel Michael and the job he does.
  4. Cyrus – Chapters 10 (third year), 11 +12 are part of this last vision. He is first mentioned by the Prophet Isaiah and is the king who sent Ezra to Jerusalem.

Daniel 9:11 Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him. (KJV)

To appreciate what Daniel was repenting of we should start in 9:2. He had STUDIED Scripture, especially Deuteronomy 27: 14 to 26 and 28: 15 to 68, and had accepted the words of the Prophet Jeremiah. So, he prayed and petitioned by fasting and by humbling himself (vs. 3). I view this as huge when you remember that Daniel had been ripped away from his family, forced from his country, and made a eunuch because Israel had done these things. I will add the two death threats (okay maybe three) that had happened by this time in his life.     

Jeremiah’s seventy years of desolation were due to Israel not giving the land its sabbath rest. They did not believe that God would supply for the off years or thought they would make more profit. Daniel 9:20 is where God introduces a new seventy. In the process, He announces the coming “Anointed One” or Jesus’ birth. Gabriel brings this message and is sent again in Luke to Zechariah and Mary. (I have never studied this seventy. There are plenty of thoughts about how it is to be accomplished.)

The Prophets Daniel, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel were alive and ministering during the “eleventh hour” of Jerusalem and Judah. Ezekiel and Daniel had experiences of angelic visions and interactions that pointed to current assistance and future events. Gabriel is the angel who delivers the messages from God. Michael is introduced as the one who fights and defends God’s people. This is also the picture we get of him in Jude and Revelations. In Daniel 10:21 and 11:1 we get a glimpse of the conflicts in the spirit world, Michael is supporting Gabriel against the prince of Persia. This must be a “spiritual prince” because Darius is Persian, and he was an ally of Daniel.

Bible 911 – Daniel, Jeremiah, Ezekiel

This Bible 911 is an overview of the 9:11 verses in Daniel, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel. The unifying thought in these three verses is the destruction of Judah/Israel and Jerusalem.

These prophets lived and wrote during the same period. They may have met each other in Jerusalem before the deportations started. As adults, they lived in different parts of the Babylonian empire. Each was given a specific message and duty from God. The words and actions of these prophets provide a picture of the heart of our God during this dark time in Israel’s history.

The 9:11 verses seem to overlap each other in content. The circumstances surrounding each of these three verses are very different and will be studied in their own Bible 911 post.  

My reflections on Daniel, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel

  • The books (because of the kings of Judah) would indicate Jeremiah started his ministry first, followed by Daniel, then Ezekiel.
  • Jeremiah and Daniel started their ministry as young men; Ezekiel could have been in his thirties.
  • Jeremiah died first. Daniel lived the longest.
  • Jeremiah and Ezekiel were priests and Daniel was a son of a ranking official in Judah.
  • Jeremiah had contact with priests, kings, and the people in his ministry. Daniel was involved in the political aspect of the kingdom. Ezekiel was with the community and spoke to them.
  • Daniel and Ezekiel had dealings with angels.
  • All were alive at the time of the destruction of Jerusalem and Judah.
  • I am sure there are more and I have missed some interesting facts. I did not give references as they would come from all three books and these are my reflections.

The Three Verses with observations – these are KJV

Daniel 9:11 Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him. (THIS IS PART OF A PRAYER OF REPENTANCE. JEREMIAH’S PREDICTION OF SEVENTY YEARS IS REFERENCED. THE OATH IS FROM THE CHAPTERS OF DEUTERONOMY 28-31.)

Jeremiah 9:11  And I will make Jerusalem heaps, and a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant. (THIS IS EARLY IN HIS MINISTRY AND IS PART OF A SERIES OF WORDS FROM GOD ABOUT THE SINS OF HIS PEOPLE AND THE JUDGEMENTS THAT ARE COMING. DRAGON IS ALSO TRANSLATED AS JACKEL AND DOG.)

Ezekiel 9:11 And, behold, the man clothed with linen, which had the inkhorn by his side, reported the matter, saying, I have done as thou hast commanded me. (EZEKIEL IS WRITING ABOUT A VISION HE HAD THAT SPOKE OF THE COMING JUDGEMENT ON JERUSALEM. THE MAN IS FINISHED MARKING THE UNFAITHFUL PEOPLE FOR DESTRUCTION.)

Other prophets who ministered during the same periods of time.

  • Amos, Hosea, Micah, and Isaiah ministered before Jeremiah. They spoke frequently about the “day of the Lord”. Jonah is also around this period.
  • Ezra, Nehemiah, Zechariah, and Haggai did their work during the restoration period of Judah and Jerusalem. This is the period after Jeremiah’s seventy years of rest for the land.

Hebrews 911

Hebrews 9:11- But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building (KJV)

This verse in Hebrews is a great part of the story of what Jesus did in the time period known as Counting the Omer or Passover to Pentecost. Jesus started and ended His earthly ministry with a forty-day period surrounded by heavenly overtones. Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross was for our sins and provided the way for us to fellowship with the Father. These are some things that needed tending to.

  • This is the umbrella statement; He fulfilled the First Covenant and started the Better Covenant.
  • Yearly atonement by the blood of animals was ended.
  • There was a change in the priesthood, Jesus is now the High Priest.
  • Jesus’ death was the paying of the bride’s price for the Church’s marriage to Jesus.
  • Paid debts, possession of keys, a crushed head, a footstool, and authority on earth and over people are legal topics that were addressed and will be finally settled at the Second Coming.
  • I believe Jesus still had instructions He gave to His disciples.

The High Priest – The term Christ is not a name but a title of authority. See Chapter 7 of Hebrews and read about Melchizedek in Psalm 110. Melchizedek means king of righteousness and this Psalm ties King David and Melchizedek with the Messiah/Christ. (See: Was David a Priest?)

Jesus’ priesthood is like the one of Melchizedek. It does not come through the family line of Aaron (the Law) because Jesus was from the family of Judah. Our becoming “king and priest” is because we are found in Jesus and covered by His blood. (I tried for years to link Mary to the tribe of Levi. There is no need for that because He is of the “same kind” of the priesthood as Melchizedek.)

Term vs office – Under the Law, there was always a priest who was anointed to be the leader and go into the Tabernacle and offer blood on the Day of Atonement. The term High Priest really came into the vocabulary of Israel around the Second Temple period, before it was the “anointed priest”. Cohen hagadol (Hebrew) is the term you may want to explore further. Archiereus is the Greek word. Unfortunately, political power, earthly politics, and money also came in with the title. It is a good study to go further into.

Good Things – Your favorite translation, denomination, attitude, and preacher will affect your thoughts on the “good things to come” or agathos ginomai. But 1 Corinthians 15, especially verse 44 and 49 that are talking about a spiritual body sounds good to me.

For the writer of Hebrews Pentecost was real, the Holy Spirit’s gifts were a part of church life, and preaching the Gospel and making disciples was confirmed by miracles, signs, and wonders. Angry Jews and Romain persecution were also part of being a follower of the Way. So, do not put God in a box and believe what Jesus said and died to give us.

Megas kai Teleios Skene or “A greater and more perfect tent.” – More than perfect is hard for my humanity to grasp, but we are talking about God now, so my limits do not count. There are several levels here, so I will start with Moses. Moses made a copy of what he saw in Heaven-9:23 and 24. He inspected this copy in Exodus 39:43, it was “perfect”. So, how could something be more perfect? It is not of this creation it is heavenly. I have heard it preached that Jesus is the earthly Tabernacle and His resurrected body is the “more perfect tent”. I guess it is appropriate to include Solomon’s Temple in this train of thought, the major reason for this is Exodus 40:34 and 1 Kings 8:10 is the same response from God. The area was covered with “the cloud” and the priest could not do their work. His presence would elevate the Holy of Holies in Solomon’s man-made temple to the “perfect level”.

Ktisis – In the King James Bible ktisis became a building. That word in other places is creation. The entire last sentence should make it clear that this “building” is not of this earth. I have a feeling that the thought of our God having more than one “creation” may disturb people. He is the Creator; I have no need to fit a limitless God into my box.

I have had people imply that the tomb with the two angels was the Mercy Seat. It is no doubt a shadow, but that tomb was cut-rock made by human hands. Jesus still had to enter and present the blood offering Himself in Heaven.

Hebrews 9 – This chapter is a beautiful mini-lesson on the Tabernacle, the offerings, and the blood of Jesus. It covers the “shadows” and the fulfillment of Jesus’ sin offering at the altar of Heaven.

As I studied for this Bible 911, a question came up that I did not find a simple answer to. I have looked at Exodus 12, 23, and 34, Numbers 28 and 29, Leviticus 16 and 23, and Ezekiel 45 and 46. These are texts on the feast/sacred assemblies and their respective offerings. Hebrews 9:13 with its “blood of goats and bulls” added to my search. The question is – When did Jesus put His blood on the heavenly Mercy Seat? Was it before Pentecost after His ascension, during His Passover days in the tomb, or did He wait for the seventh month and do it on the Day of Atonement?

The “family” Passover lamb was for protection/deliverance from the death angel and to remember the first one. The later corporate offerings had bulls, goats, and lambs as burnt offerings and sin offerings. (I guess these stopped with the destruction of the Second Temple.) Each major feast day had a corporate offering, these are types and shadows of Jesus. The blood on the Day of Atonement was carried into the Holy of Holies and put on the Mercy Seat. That seems like the best answer, that Jesus waited to make His presentation. I just don’t see anything to back up this waiting period in the New Testament or as a shadow in the First Covenant.  

Leviticus 16 – Leviticus 16 has detailed instructions for the High Priest on the Day of Atonement including the scapegoat. Here is where the phrase about the blood of bulls and goats comes into focus. We can see parts of this feast in what happened with Barabbas and Pilate on the morning of the trial. There is more “What” answered but still not the When. It must be noted that the Anointed Priest did not offer a lamb on this day for sin.  

Round Two – Instead of rewriting the last section I decided to just add this. Several articles were called to my attention about Jesus’ blood, the presentation of His blood, and the Resurrection. They worked with and through Hebrews, especially chapter 9. They did a good job on the why and how but really did not answer when did Jesus present His blood. To be clear, I am not sure we are told or given clues, but the study is fun, and I am interested in the topic. So, on to round two.

  • The cross received Jesus’ blood, just like the doorframe on the first Passover. (I am not sure where they put it during the years of wandering.) But the doorframe is not the altar or the Mercy Seat.
  • The hours in between Jesus’ meeting with Mary and then dining with the disciples in the Upper Room is a possibility. Why? Going with King James’s “do not touch me” that could be “do not hold on to or cling to me” to Jesus inviting the disciple to touch Him might be the answer. He ascended and it was okay. But then why did He need another ascension forty days later (a formal goodbye)? The curtain tearing in the Second Temple at the crucifixion could play into that argument.
  • In the feast-day offerings there were provisions for a sin offering that did not require going into the Mercy Seat. This may back up my thought about waiting for the formal presentation on the Day of Atonement.

It is Finished, The Feast Collide – St. Augustine said, “The New Testament is hidden in the Old, and the Old is fulfilled in the New.” God in His Word uses parables, proverbs, types and shadows, metaphors, and similes to help teach us the truth. The Father does not contradict Himself but will reveal His truth to us in levels for our good. Our computer-assisted artificial intelligent perfectionism does not allow for that kind of teaching, we have lost so much. Please don’t get stuck on one level, God has more. Many of my studies (The Ark, Kingdom, and the Bible 911 series), like the Feast, have collided in this study with Holy Week. I can give you what I have, I am sure there is more.

  • Jesus rode into Jerusalem in a parade like David.
  • Abraham started the idea that God would supply a lamb to save us (a ram shows up). Passover carried that theme as the lamb’s blood covered the family from the death angel. John the Baptist (the only one to say those words, twice) passed the title, Lamb of God, to Jesus. It was finished on the cross during Passover.
  • Jesus and the crowd with Him left Jerusalem every day for Bethany and the Mount of Olives. The Feast of Booths.
  • Greeks came to Jesus in John 12:20. Pentecost
  • From the Day of Atonement come several types and shadows I had never seen before. Jesus and Barabbas are the two scapegoats. Pilate is the man who releases them and he washed his hands. The High Priest had linen garments that had to come off after the sacrifice, Jesus had burial “clothes” left in the tomb. You will need to read Leviticus 16.

I use a devotional prayer book called Praying Grace. It introduced me to the term Tetelestai. This is the word Jesus said that is translated – It is finished. Tetelestai is an accounting term that means the debt is paid now and forever (that is Marky Greek). Because of the “buck stops here” completeness of the term my imagination has fudged a bunch and jumped to a “but God” moment. Envision a God-forwarded version of the Feast cycle completed before Jesus was taken from the cross. Okay, this is still a study!  

To conclude this post but not the study; Jesus died and was freed from the grave for my sins. Given that I serve a God who has a different perspective on time from His earthy creation, I am good not knowing the answer to my question. Hebrews 9 did take place and that is what is important.

Bible 911 Zechariah

This installment of Bible 911 is from Zechariah and is a word of hope. It is part of the foretelling of Jesus’ Easter/Passover mission starting with His Palm Sunday ride into Jerusalem (verses 9-13). I will start with the focus verse and then fit it all into Easter. Have your Bibles handy as I will put down a lot of verses you may want to look up. I use the NIV, so that may help in your quest.


Blood of the covenant – If you search in a Bible app the best thing you will find in the Old Testament is Exodus 24:8. The setting is Mount Sinai and Moses is finally offering the sacrifice that Pharaoh would not let them, go do. Before the blood of this covenant was sprinkled on the people, Moses read to them the Book of the Covenant. I will go back in time from this offering and give other blood sacrifices and covenants that are types and precursors to this one and that look ahead to Jesus on the Cross.

God made a covenant with blood in Genesis 15:18 with Abram, which was binding to all of his unborn children. In this story, a burning torch and smoking firepot passed through the slain animals. This is very much like the Children passing through the Red Sea after killing the Passover lamb and on their way to Mount Sinai.

We need to travel back to Genesis 4 and the first spilling of blood by a man. Hebrews 12:4 brings up the blood of Able in connection with the new covenant and sprinkled blood. (Remember he had made a proper sacrifice to the Lord.)

We need to step further back and point out what must have been an animal sacrifice, even though the terms we are looking for are not present. Genesis 3:21 has hides of animals being used to cloth, Adam and Eve. I believe that these animals were sheep. (They are not identified.) If they were Adam and Eve were clothed in a lamb because of their sin. This may be the blood and sacrifice of the covenant. (We have hints of things going on “before the foundations of the world” (KJV) but that would be another post.)

New Testament verses for you to look up-Matthew 26:28 (Mark 14:24), 1 Corinthians 11:25, Hebrews 9:20, 10:29, 13:20. these are references to Jesus, blood, and the covenant which is the point of His death on the cross.

Waterless Pit – The other part of Zechariah 9:11 is the waterless pit or cistern (CJB). It has also been translated as a dungeon. I like cistern the best, it brings to mind where Joseph and Jeremiah were thrown when they were imprisoned. It was a common thing in Israel to dig holes and store water in them. They are in other stories in the Bible. we are set free of our pits when we accept and walk in the grace of Jesus. the love of the Father, and fellowship with the Spirit.  

Before going to the Easter connection, there is one more thing I found. This is not in Zechariah. It concerns salt and its connection to the covenant and sacrifice. This is my “think about” assignment for this post, why is salt referenced with these two things?

The King Rides In

There are many God-given types and shadows and metaphors in the Bible. It seems that their importance has been pointed out to me quite a bit lately. So, when I thought about Zechariah 9:9 and how this relates to our Easter/Passover stories it made me reflect on these gems throughout the Bible. God really is a God who likes to hide things so we can search them out. The triumphant ride into Jerusalem and all of the events of this week have been shadowed starting in Genesis and laid out for us in every book of the First Covenant.  

Zechariah 9:9 is one of several stories about kings returning to save and restore peace to the Daughter of Zion and Jerusalem.

  • 2 Samuel 19 has the account of David returning to Jerusalem after the defeat of Absalom. Even though the country was in chaos, I have to believe that there was still a parade that started on the Mount of Olives. This is the same path that Jesus followed as He left the Jordan River.
  • Revelations 7:9+10, 6:2, and 19:11 also tell of Jesus’ second return to Jerusalem to claim His Bride and how that time will look. It is an interesting “comparison and contrast” to Zechariah. He will be on a war horse, not a colt.
  • These two were leaders but not kings. Joshua followed a similar route after Israel crossed the Jordan. Elisha also traveled this path as he went back to Mount Carmel (possibly looking for Elijah). It is a retracing of Elijah’s trip to the Jordan River before he was taken by the fiery chariot.

Verse 10 reflects the promise in Exodus 24 about peace and the territory that would belong to Israel. This area was probably realized under David and Solomon. Ephraim and Jerusalem represent the North and South Kingdoms but also speak of the blessings given by Jacob in Genesis. Judah was made the family leader and Joseph got the firstborn son’s blessing.

Verse 12 tells the “prisoners of hope” that there is a double restoration coming. I have always seen Noah as the first prisoner of hope when he was in the ark.

Verse 13 makes reference to Greece as an enemy. To put this in some context, Zechariah was alive in the time of Darius (this could be the last book of the Old Testament written). He did attack Greece and lost. It could also speak of the time of the Maccabees. We could even extend that to Paul’s “conquering Greece” with the Gospel.  

I hope you have learned something new from my Bible 911 of Zechariah, remember the assignment on salt.

Mark 911

Mark 9:11 (KJV) And they asked him, saying, Why say the scribes that Elias must first come?

As a stand-alone verse, Mark 9:11 will leave you high on a mountain and confused. There was history, prophecy, and current events in that question. I will try to be focused, but there is so much to be talked about.

Scribes In the simplest explanation, scribes were people who used pens to write things. Many times, they worked in the palace documenting the business of the royal court. It is reasonable that Herod had scribes. The scribes in Mark 9:11 would have been the ones associated with the Pharisees and Sadducees, each group had its own. The Sadducees were more focused on the Five Books of Moses than the history and prophets.

Jentezen Franklin preached a sermon about scribes. He used Deborah and the tribe of Zebulun (the mountain may have been in their land) in the sermon. Judges 5:14 talks about the tribe of Zebulun either being scribes or having a commander’s staff. The translators are all over the battleground with that one.

The Question Just to be clear Elias = Elijah. The three disciples had just seen Elijah, so this question just had to be asked. The root of this question is in three scriptures:

  • Isaiah 40:3-This verse does not name Elijah but does describe what John was doing in the wilderness. It also made a great song.
  • Malachi 1:3-Again no mention of Elijah but a messenger who will have the people give righteous offerings. John did come before and prepared the way for Jesus by preaching righteousness and baptizing the people as a sign they had repented.
  • Malachi 4:4-6-This mentions Moses and Elijah. Elijah will be sent before the day of the Lord to restore our hearts. This will lead to the question of the two witnesses in the Book of Revelations. Personally, I believe Elijah will be one of the two, he never died but was taken in the chariot of fire. Moses will not be one because he died and was buried.

Jesus with Moses and Elijah Since I was born again, I have heard that these two men appeared at the transfiguration to represent the Law and the Prophets. Luke 9:30+31 adds that they were there to talk about His death in Jerusalem.

May I add another layer (possibly) to this story? From the test, that they failed, these men had a testimony. In Numbers 20 Moses did not honor/trust God’s holiness enough to speak to the rock. Elijah, in 1 Kings 19, feared for his life at Jezebel’s threat and ran for his life. (That makes me wonder if Satan showed up in the Garden to make Jesus afraid of dying.) I believe both of these men spoke to Jesus about not being afraid because His Holy Father would bring Him through this ordeal. Your test, pass or fail, will be part of your testimony.

Luke has a word in 9:32 that is nowhere else in any of these narratives- synestōtas. It is translated as standing with or together. This comes from the root word- synistēmi. In many of the places where forms of this word are used, it may be “recommend”. (Mounce Interlinear was a reference for this thought.)

Before the Mountain of Transfiguration (See Luke 911) Jesus fed the 5,000 and is in a private time with the disciples. Peter proclaimed that Jesus was the Messiah. Jesus tells them He is going to Jerusalem to die and Peter argues with Jesus. (See Jesus Knew and Told the Disciples) He ends the conversation by saying that some of them would see His kingdom’s power before they die (James died first as part of the prophecy). Matthew, Mark, and Luke document this event.

6 or 8 Days Each of the three Gospel writers have slightly different details. Matthew and Mark say six days later Jesus took Peter, James, and John up to a mountain. Luke has eight days later. None of these writers were present for this meeting on the mountain. (I am sure the tale was told during Jesus’ last forty days on earth.) Matthew and probably Mark were present with the group that was left behind. So, who did Luke talk to in getting his version of the story? We do not know. My guess is that they were praying for two days before Jesus was transfigured and talked with Moses and Elijah. That would make all three of them right. Metaphorically, six is the number of man and eight presents new beginnings. Add these to your sermon thoughts. This location was probably “the mountain” in Galilee that the disciples were to go to after the crucifixion (Matthew 28:16).

God Spoke-The Father spoke to the three disciples from the cloud that surrounded them. Moses had that experience several times. Elijah had God speak to him in the cave. It is left to our imaginations as to how Jesus and the Father communicated when they were together.

The Gospels record three times when the audible voice of God was heard.

  1. At Jesus’s baptism-Matthew 3:17, Mark 1:11, and Luke 3:22. The message was you are/this is my Son, and I Am pleased with Him. It is really hard to tell how many, if any, of the Twelve Disciples were present for this.
  2. On the Mount of Transfiguration-The message is much the same as at the baptism except that the three writers all have, “Listen to Him”.
  3. The third time is in John 12:28. Jesus has just fulfilled the prophecy of Zechariah for Daughter Zion and rode into Jerusalem. The Voice agreed with Jesus about glorifying the Father. Jesus added that this was for the disciples and that the world and its prince were now open for judgment.    

After the Voice, Elijah and Moses were gone from sight and the question of Mark 9:11 was asked. So, what did John the Baptist restore that Elijah had given?

I believe that the road John was paving for Jesus was one of righteousness; so, we would return to the Father. God loves righteousness, our being right with Him on His terms not on ours. 1 Corinthians 5:18-21 states that we are to be reconciled to God as righteous. Jesus walked that road and paid the price so we could be with the Father again in righteousness.

Luke, once again, has a specific thought about when they came down the mountain. In Luke 9:37 he adds “the next day”. I have a feeling that we got a summary statement for what was a great time of fellowship.

Mark 9:15 is when Jesus approached the crowd. I believe that he was in that crowd and was “overwhelmed” or ekthambeō with them. (Mark seems to be the only writer that uses this word. This is the first use and he uses various forms of the word three more times, ending in the Garden with the angels speaking to the women. I have to wonder if Jesus was still glowing. Moses had to wear a veil when he was in God’s presence. Another question to ask when we get to see Him.

Going to the next level. Start with Mark 9:11 and build a narrative of your own using all of the Gospel accounts.