Daughter Zion Part 2

In Part 2 of Daughter Zion, I am looking at important passages that refer to her. I will direct you to books of the Bible, and specific chapters, and highlight some verses that seem important.

The first mention of Zion in Scripture is 2 Samuel 5:7. This is part of the story about David taking the Jebusite town that would become his capital. From Genesis, this is the area where Melchizedek met Abraham as he returned from rescuing Lot. I will list some facts about Zion because every website stresses or says something different.

  • Zion may mean citadel or fortress.
  • It does refer to the small section of Jerusalem that was the City of David.
  • The term was expanded to mean all of Jerusalem.
  • It was extended further to include all of Judah and Israel.
  • Christians refer to it as the heavenly city.
  • Are any of these better than the others? No. Just realize that the term will change depending on who wrote the information.

Psalm 9:14 is the first use of Daughter Zion and Zechariah 9:9 is the last reference to her in the Old Testament. (Zechariah is quoted again twice in the New Testament.) Both verses tell us to praise and rejoice and refer to gates. Zechariah 9 is about the coming king (Jesus). It has much to say about Israel’s neighbors, which in Zechariah’s time were still causing problems with the rebuilding of the Temple and Jerusalem. Psalms 9 and 10 may have been acrostic and set to the tune “The Death of the Son”. Verse 7 of Psalm 9 is about the Lord reigning forever with righteousness and justice.

Micah 1:13 O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee. (KJV)

Micah is a contemporary of Isaiah, Hosea, Amos, and Jonah. Their messages carry many of the same warnings and good promises, present and future. Micah 1 does not mince words about Samaria and Jerusalem, God is not pleased. It also talks about many places. I believe you need to look at the meanings of these names to make sense of this section. Lachish means “invincible”. It was a major fortified city in Judah, south of Jerusalem, and was attacked by Assyria and captured. The “chariots and fast horses” seem to refer to them needing to flee from Assyria. It was also a center for ironworking in Israel. I think that the iron-hard invincible attitude is the “beginning of sin” that God is talking about. It was the pavement for Jeroboam to make golden calves, select his own priest, and make Bethel a center of worship for the northern kingdom. Most of the mentions of Lachish in the Bible are in Joshua and Isaiah and are connected to war and fighting.

Micah 4 has three different aspects of Daughter Zion. 1. Verses 6-8 are positive because the Lord will rule from her, and things will be restored. 2. Verses 9-10 have her going to Babylon as a captive (this is more than 100 years before it happens). 3. Verses 11-13 where she will be an aggressor and break nations to pieces.

Daughter (of) Jerusalem – This is a good place to add her to the study. She appears in Micah and in other passages. She is often mentioned with Daughter Zion. It may be a way of emphasizing the same thing in a different way, but Hebrew literature will repeat itself for effect. In Micah 1:5 Jerusalem is singled out from Judah as a specific problem, so it could be the Spirit is alerting us to two different entities in the same country.

Lamentations 2 is a chapter that has many versions of “Daughter”. Jeremiah writes about Zion but also Daughter-Zion, Judah, Jerusalem, and Virgin Daughter Zion. A very important addition in this chapter is who is being lamented for. There are dwellings, strongholds, palaces, princes, kings, elders, my people, and children and infants. It also seems that the speaker changes several times in the chapter (which is normal). This chapter will need its own post as there is a lot of info in it.

I will end with Isaiah 66:8. It does not mention daughter but it is clear who it is speaking about and sounds like Micah 4.

Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children. (KJV)

Please read Lamentation 2 and see if “the Church” and “the Bride of Christ” could be exchanged for the daughters in this chapter.

Daughter Zion

Daughter Zion is a STUDY that has pushed my learning curve and I know this post is just the start. The translation you read will have different numbers of times the term, Daughter Zion is used and how it is worded. I use the NIV and it appears about thirty times. The KJV and others will use different phrases, at times, like maiden, young woman, young daughter, or unmarried woman. Yes, there are very specific words in Hebrew for daughter and virgin, but translators have a job to do, so check several sources. In the KJV in the New Testament Zion is spelled Sion in Matthew 21:5 and John 12:15; which is Zechariah 9:9 and refers to the last leg of Jesus’ final trip into Jerusalem.

Isaiah and Jeremiah/Lamentations use the term the most. It seems that David first coined the term in Psalm 9:14. Virgin Daughter Zion is the phrase that really pushed this study, the NIV uses it three times. I will give a few thoughts on both phrases as I believe they hold very different messages. I observed that the terms may mean actual women/girls, the city of Jerusalem, or the land of Judah/Israel. Yes, you need to read them in context because I am not sure that one “shoe fits all”. These phrases are also used for Jerusalem, Judah, Babylon, Edom, and Philistia. I have to wonder if poetic rhyme or some form of wordplay is at work with some of these passages.

Eve, Daughter Zion, the Bride of the Lamb – The first thing Christians need to do is lose the misogynous and misandrous mindsets and woke views that cloud our thinking as to how the Father sees His daughters, they are special and important. Eve was made for Adam using “prime rib”. (The Father defended Sarah when Abraham did not.) The devil has feared and hated the Daughters of Zion since God gave the promise of the Messiah to Eve. Eve was the completion of Adam that would populate the earth. Daughter Zion was how Israel would be filled. The Bride is how the earth will know the righteousness of the Father and the salvation that comes through Jesus.  Godly offspring is what the Father seeks-Malachi 2:15. These are the issues with the strange story in Genesis 6:1-4. “Sons of God” are historically the fallen angels polluting the human gene pool.

Virgin Daughter Zion – I will give my current thought on this phrase and hope that the Father will give me insight on it. This phrase is really only used twice-2 Kings 19:21 and Isaiah 37:22 both describe when the Assyrian king was sent away from Jerusalem, having never entered or defeated it, and Lamentations 2:13 is about Babylon having defeated and destroyed Jerusalem. (My verses and search are from the NIV.)

Two things cloud my thinking here. 1. 1 Kings 14:25 has Rehoboam and Jerusalem being defeated by Egypt, and 2 Chronicles 28 has Ahaz and Jerusalem losing to Israel and captives being taken. 2. Isaiah 47:1 refers to Babylon as a virgin daughter and queen city with a wound. Daniel has a story with the Medes and Persians about to take Babylon (the handwriting on the wall). My knowledge of this history is not that strong, so I do not know if any other nation actually breached the city of Babylon. There are five passages, in the NIV, that use the phrase “Daughter Babylon”.