For Jesus to fulfill Scripture He had to be the PassoverLamb! This means that His death on the cross had to be at the time when the lambs were being killed for Passover. This would make “The Last Supper” His last supper and foundation for Easter and other Christian practices, not the Seder Meal of Passover!
John 19: 31 + 42, Luke 23: 54 – 56, Mark 15: 42, Matthew 27: 62 are verses after Jesus’ death and they refer to the Day of Preparation and a special Sabbath. This would mean that Passover had not occurred yet.
Okay, do not take up arms or keyboards! The important thing here is Jesus died on the cross and paid the price for our sin! Man’s traditions and religious customs do not compete with Jesus’ finished work.
Okay, maybe it was three gardens – Eden, Gethsemane (olive grove-John 18), and where the tomb was (Mary thought Jesus was the gardener – John 19). Since this post is all about shadows and types I am sure that “finer lines can be drawn” but my pen is wide today. I am also aware that I may/will not catch all of the similarities. I will add as more become apparent. Perry Stone makes a case that the gardensare in the same geographical location, that Eden and Jerusalem occupy the same ground.
Adam – The first Adam let sin in; the second Adam (Jesus) made a way out of sin.
Tree – Eden had the tree of the knowledge of good and evil in the middle of the garden. Jesus’ tree was in the middle and separated the good from the evil. One man asked to go to His Kingdom while the other man mocked Jesus.
A choice – Adam choose to eat the fruit and disobey God for earthly gain. Jesus choose to drink from “the cup” for a heavenly gain.
Deceived – Satan-> Eve-> Adam; Satan-> Elders/Judas -> The Crowd-> Jesus. Part of this is also betrayal – Adam betrayed God, Jesus did not.
A woman – The First Adam had his First Eve. Jesus, the Second Adam, would have the Church. The First Eve became the “mother of all the living”, the Second Eve is the mother of all those who are born again.
Sweat – There are two references to sweat in the Bible – Genesis 3: 19 and Luke 22: 44. Both mention the ground! Adam’s work would produce sweat and Jesus’ work caused Him to sweat “great drops of blood” that fell to the ground”.
Thorns – Adam would have to fight with them. Jesus would have to wear them! (See Thorns.)
Fig Tree – (See Figs) I still believe the “desirable fruit” was a fig. Adam and Eve clothed themselves with its leaves, and Jesus cursed a fig tree on Tuesdayof Holy Week. Jesus’ teaching on Tuesday, as recorded in Matthew and Luke, are about His Kingdom and show how the “fruit” of the Kingdom of God is what is important (Matthew 21: 43,44).
Thorns, thistles, briers, nettles, and brambles are some of the names and plant parts that have pointy things that cause discomfort. What do these have to do with Easter? Okay, I will get to the point of this post. These were part of the curse found in Genesis 3: 17 – 19 for Adam because he ate the forbidden fruit. Matthew, Mark, and John add thorns as part of the misery that the Romans gave Jesus at the time of His crucifixion. I will attempt to bring these events together in this brief study of thorns.
Hebrews 6: 8 beautifully brings together the spiritual and physical aspects of thorns by being part of the “basic teachings” and blessings mentioned in the chapter. It mentions them being a curse, worthless, and getting burned. This verse fits well with the parables when Jesus used them to show the “deceitfulness of wealth and the worries that choke the good seed”. (Matthew 13: 22) Most of the references to thorns are about them causing problems and having to be beat down and burned. In a land where wood was precious, thorns were not, so they would be used for fuel to cook with.
Foreshadowing verses for the crown of thorns and what will happen to them are in Isaiah and Ezekiel. In Ezekiel 2: 6, which is his call to ministry, God tells him that he will be surrounded by thorns, thistles, and scorpions. This is a good picture of Jesus’ arrest, trial, and crucifixion.
Isaiah 27:4 speaks to the redemptive work of Jesus with the plea that He guards His vineyard to protect it. He would prefer people to make peace with Him but if not, He will burn them up. Isaiah 10: 17 speaks of the “day” (judgement) when the Light of the world will burn the thorns and thistles.
Mark 15:17, John 19:2, and Matthew 27: 29 mention the crown of thorns. Matthew is the most detailed and talks about the thorns being twisted and then being beaten onto Jesus’ head. So why the thorns? They are part of the curse that Jesus was dying to end. Mostof the references for redemption are about people/Israel. He will make a new heaven and a new earth but Jesus came to break the curse. Creation groaned waiting for Him, trees of the field will clap their hands for Him, and He will bring rest to the Land, even the rocks can cry out for Him. Isaiah 35: 1 and Jeremiah 50: 34 are verses that mention good things about the Land.
Thorns also represent worries and cares that bother our minds. He took those on His “mind” to the cross. And just as thorns were beaten to prepare them for burning, so the crown was beaten into His head.
Remember, with the beatings, nails, cross, and His blood the crown of thorns also carry important symbolism.
Below are two good websites about thorns and thistles.
Popular songs and persuasive preachers have created a buzzword (phrase) – God’s heart.
I love the songs and can appreciate the preachers for trying to direct us into doing the right thing. When I did a word search on Bible Gateway the results were confusing. There was no listing for “God’s heart”, I tried several translations and still found nothing! The simple reason for this is there are none, that phrase is not there! My Strong’s Concordance did come through under the Hebrew word #3820 Lebwhich is translated heart. There were two listing – Genesis 6:6 and Jeremiah 32:41. In Matthew 11: 5 I found Jesus stating that Hisheart was gentle and humble and we learn from Him. That, is it (all I could find) for direct references to God’s heart. A very closely related word is soul and there are references to God’s soul. Frequently the words are used together for added emphases. I will look at soul in another post.
Feelings, will, intellect, center of everything, and inner most organare the ideas that leband lebab(Strong’s #3820, 3824) convey. So, based on the Hebrew ideas, God has a heart that we understand. Certainly, Matthew 11: 5 says Jesus’ heartis gentle and humble and we need to learn from Him. Let’s look at Genesis 6: 5 + 6, it is in the story of Noah. Verse five refers to man’s heart – it thought of only evil. Verse six refers to God’s heart – it was filled with pain because of us! Okay, that is a little rough. The story in Jeremiah 32 does not start out any better, God is about to hand Jerusalem over to the Babylonians (vs. 26) because of their evil behavior. But by the time He gets to verse 40 His tone has changed and He is promising to replant the people in Jerusalem and do good for them.
RECAP– God has a heart, humanity has caused it pain, because of our evil. He has offered to do us good and He wants us to learn from Him!
FURTHER STUDY: Can you find another reference to God’s heart! What is the context you see now in the term “Heart of God”?
In the series that started with Light and Dark – A Pattern to Explore we studied the idea that God may start with darkness and then reveal light. There is much written in the Bible on the topic of light and dark, I will do several more studies on specific books. At times it is clear that God is purposely hiding Himself from people for a reason. (I did crossover from darkness to hiding oneself.) Then there are times when He uses darkness, not in anger but to get His children to seek Him out in the darkness. The old saying “every cloud has a silver lining” holds true here – God is there right behind the darkness waiting for you.
Deuteronomy 32: 20, Jeremiah 33: 5, and Micah 3:4 are references to times when God hides Himself because the people have sinned. On the other side of that thought is Ezekiel 39: 29 when He says he will no longer hide Himself from those people. Psalmist also used/complained/realized that God hides Himself – 10: 1; 13: 1; 27: 9; 102: 2; 104: 29 are just a few examples that I found using Bible Gateways’ search engine on “Hide”.
Psalm 97: 2 brings together clouds and thick darkness with the foundation of His throne and righteousness and justice. I am going to slip back in the idea that God wants us to seek Him. This leads me to another “dark to light” idea that Jesus did many times in Scripture – He would tell people to not talk about what He did for them. This does not cover Jesus telling demons to be quiet and to not speak – He did not need their acknowledgments. In part, I believe this was to maintain a layer of “darkness” about Himself so that others would seek Him out.
TAKE AWAY – No matter how dark it is, seek Him. Maybe all you can do is raise your hands and say the name of JESUS!