A Look at the Biblical Calendar
In Mark 14: 5 some disciples were complaining about Jesus being anointed with a “bottle” of pure nard. The complaint was it could be sold for a year’s wage or three hundred denarii. According to Matthew 20 a denarius was a day’s wage. The year in the Bible was twelve months or lunar cycles (29 ½ days). (Some years had thirteen months to make up the eleven day difference and that would keep the season in line with the calendar.) So why only 300 denarii?
They were to rest on the Sabbath, so there is forty-eight days (four weeks times 12 months). For the missing days we need to look to the feast days, I will use Leviticus 23. These had a “no work” or “no regular work” day associated with them.
- Unleavened Bread – one at the beginning and the end
- Pentecost – one day
- Feast of Trumpets – one day
- Day of Atonement – one day
- Feast of Tabernacles – one at the beginning and the end
- This is seven no work days.
That totals to 299 days – I guess we can round off one day.