Under feet and footstool are mentioned several times in the Book of Hebrews. Jesus and Melchizedek are whose appendages and furniture we are referring to. Of course, these references come from Psalm 110 that was written by David. I will bring in other references so that we can have a larger picture of this topic. This study will end with Hebrews 12:13 which after some reflection really surprised me.
Footstool – Hebrews 1:13 and 10:13 are the references to Psalm 110:1 and a footstool. This is the beginning of the tradition of Melchizedek being a military messiah as well as a priest forever of the Lord. 1:13 is in a set of verses that deal with the “Son” and His superiority to angels. (The name Jesus is not used until 2:9.) 10:13 has the enemies of Jesus being the footstool but this is because of The ONE SACRIFICE that allowed Him to take back the keys. The concept is that Jesus is waiting for this to happen. Luke 20:43 and Acts 2:35 reference Jesus speaking of David and the Messiah and again Psalm 110 is the verse He is quoting.
Enemies are not the only thing that is a “footstool” in Scripture. Matthew 5:34 and Isaiah 66:1 note that the earth is God’s footstool. David in 1 Chronicles 28:2 wants to build a house for the Ark as a footstool for God. (Some translations give the idea that the house is the stool while others seem to imply that the Ark is the footstool.) I think, that Lamentations 2:1 pulls in Jerusalem as the “splendor of Israel” into the Temple and Ark.
We are also directed in Psalm 99:5 and 132:7 to worship at the Footstool of God.
Under Foot or Feet
I guess I separated footstool and underfoot because if you are using a footstool you should be sitting down. Things can be “underfoot” if you are walking or standing. Also, people have Creation under their feet in Psalm 8:6 and the Woman in Revelations 12:1 has the moon under her feet. God in Exodus 24:10 has dinner with Moses and the seventy elders with a lapis lazuli pavement under His feet (that always sounds like the blue ball we live on). 2 Samuel 22:10 and Psalm 18:9 has God parting the heavens and there are dark clouds under His feet and not a footstool.
Enemies and everything is the main things that will be under Jesus’ feet. There are many references – Hebrews 2:8, Ephesians 1:22, 1 Corinthians 15:25+27, Matthew 22:44, and Mark 12:36.
This verse echoes Proverbs 4:26. My reflection on this verse is that Jesus is stepping on enemies and putting everything under His feet, so when we are not turning to the left or the right the path behind Him is smooth.