Pentecost, one of the three feasts that were mandated for Israel in Exodus 23 and 34. The first time was during the conversation God had with Moses on Mount Sinai before Moses broke the Tablets of the Law. Chapter 34 is the same order after Moses had to write the Law. Pentecost was the party at the end of the grain harvest. First Fruits was the beginning of the barley harvest that starts with Passover. Pentecost is the end of the wheat harvest. (Read the Book of Ruth also see Ruth Continued) God had planned for parties to take place in the Land, while the people were still in the desert.
In the first two commands about Pentecost, Father God does not go into a lot of detail. The particulars of the Feast are written in other Books of the Bible. In Leviticus 23: 15 – 22 very specific orders are given to the priest for the offerings. The orders include four parts that make up the whole package. I am not going into detail on the components. 1. The Wave Offering 2. The Burnt Offering 3. The Sin Offering 4. The Fellowship Offering. More on this later. Numbers 28: 26 – 31 has a slightly different take on the offerings for Pentecost. I can see this list being for the people to make sure they have enough materials for the priest to do their job and offer the correct sacrifice. Deuteronomy 16: 9 – 12 seems to be a reminder to the people to give according to how they have been blessed and that they are to have fun before the Lord.
The Four Parts of Leviticus 23 – It is important to remember that part of this feast commemoratives when God gave the Law in Exodus 19. It seems that the story really goes to Chapter 32 and ends with the Levites putting to death 3,000 partyers and the destruction of the gold calf. (Joseph Prince points out that 3,000 joined the Church on the day of Pentecost in Jerusalem.) Please allow me to do some extending of the parts of the sacrifice that was taking place in the Temple.
- The Wave Offering – God’s waving created the sound of the rushing wind.
- The Burnt Offering – The tongues of fire “burned” the disciples in the Upper Room.
- The Sin Offering – Peter’s sermon introduced Jesus as the “sin offering” that had been paid.
- The Fellowship Offering – In Acts 2:42 begins the fellowship part of the sacrifice that still should be going on. The pic is from http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/pumpkin-seed-and-wheatdried-cereal-seeds-photo-p182054